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儿童积食怎么办 四款食疗快速有效

儿童积食怎么办 四款食疗快速有效

  幼儿积食是每一个孩子成长路上必不可少的经历,一旦发生积食,孩子难受,妈妈心疼!俗语说:要想小儿安,三分饥与寒。很多中医学家都把积食称作“百病之源”,因为它会给孩子的肠胃和脾脏造成负担。长期如此容易造成营养不良,影响身体和智力发育。



  宝宝积食的症状

  厌食:饭入口后久含不呑,吃一顿饭要很长时间。

  消化功能不好:容易腹胀、大便硬结或腹泻。

  免疫力低:经常反复感冒、咳嗽,甚至肺炎。

  烦躁易哭:难以入睡或睡不安宁,动则大汗淋漓或入睡汗多。

  整体上看:宝宝鼻梁两侧发青、舌苔又厚又白,还能闻到呼出的口气中有酸腐味。生长不良,面黄瘦弱,小便短黄或清长,大便酸臭或溏薄。

  宝宝积食如何护理?



  陈皮蜂蜜水

  食材:陈皮、蜂蜜

  做法:放入陈皮,加水,先用大火烧开,再调小火煮15分钟,最后加蜂蜜调味,当饮料喝。在外面不方面煎熬,也可以直接用开水泡着喝。1岁以下,用陳皮5克;1岁以上用10克;2岁用20克;3岁以上用30克。

  注意:本方适合积食前有腹胀的情况。(未满1岁的幼儿禁止食用蜂蜜)

  大麦茶

  食材:麦芽

  做法:放入麦芽,先用大火烧开,再调小火煮20分钟,取150~250毫升,一日分3次服用。用炒麦芽磨粉后熬粥,具有同样疗效。1岁以下用炒麦芽5克,1岁以上用10克,2岁用20克,3岁以上用30克。



  糖炒山楂

  食材:红糖、山楂

  做法:取红糖适量(如宝宝发热,改用白糖或冰糖),入锅用小火炒化,加入山楂(切开,留核)适量,再炒5~6分钟,闻到酸甜味即可。每顿饭后适量服用。本方尤其适合化解吃肉过多引起的积食。

  山药米粥

  食材:山药片、大米或小黄米、白糖

  做法:取山药片100克,大米或小黄米100克,白糖适量。将大米淘洗干净与山药片一起碾碎,入锅,加水适量,熬成粥即可。适合小儿积食不消、厌食、体重减轻、面黄肌瘦等表现。

  如何预防宝宝积食:

  ①调整饮食结构

  多吃些易消化、易吸收的食物,不要一味地增加高热量高脂的食物。让宝宝多吃蔬菜、水果,少吃肉,适当增加米食、面食,高蛋白饮食适量即可,以免增加肠胃负担。


  ②七分饱,益健康

  无论哪种食物,再有营养也不能吃太多,否则不但不能强健身体,在效果上只会适得其反,弄不好会形成食积、腹泻等状况,伤害宝宝的身体。

  ③三餐定量

  给宝宝安排一日三餐要定时定量,不能饥一顿饱一顿,肠胃和人一样,该休息时休息,该工作时工作,否则会打乱胃肠道生物钟,影响消化功能正常运转。

  ④晚上不要吃得太饱

  宝宝白天活动量大,吃东西能消化,但晚上胃蠕动慢了,就容易积食。因此,晚上吃饭别太饱,即使喝牛奶,也要水多一些,奶粉少一点。

  ⑤睡醒1小时不进食

  早上或中午宝宝刚睡醒时,1小时内(至少30分钟)也不要进食,因为胃肠等内脏从低运转恢复正常需要一点时间,否则,也无益于消化和吸收。


原创文章,作者:yunying1,如若转载,请注明出处:www,duyiwang.cn

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